Enterovirus is a genus of ubiquitous small (with capsids 1530 nm in diameter) RNAcontaining viruses. These viruses infect higher vertebrates and cause a wide spectrum of diseases. These diseases may appear as short duration sickness or may cause incurable damage in an infected organism, central nervous system diseases, paralysis, swelling, and even death. They are also a cause of other severe deadly diseases such as aseptic meningitis, enteroviral encephalitis, and enteroviral vesicular stomatitis. At the same time, the common cold is also caused by viruses belonging to this genus. Enteroviruses are readily transmitted from person to person through an air and/or via a fecaloral route.  Genus Enterovirus belonging to family Picornaviridae includes nine enterovirus species (namely, Enterovirus A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and J) and three rhinovirus species (Rhinovirus A, B, and C).


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